Development status and development trend of the ho

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Nowadays, machine tools have already become an important symbol of a country's comprehensive competitive strength. Industrial developed countries attach great importance to the development of CNC machine tools and compete to develop high-precision, efficient and highly automated high-end CNC machine tools, so as to accelerate the development of industry and national economy

overview of the development of CNC machine tools in the world

from the perspective of output value. In 2010, the output value of 28 machine tool producing countries in the world is expected to exceed US $66billion, an increase of 21% year-on-year. Among them, China, Japan and Germany rank among the top three in the global machine tool production, accounting for 32%, 18% and 15% of the global market share respectively. After experiencing a severe recession in 2009, Japan's machine tool industry rebounded comprehensively and returned to the position of the second largest machine tool producer. The output value of German machine tool manufacturing industry continued to decline in 2010, but it still ranked third. The output value of machine tool manufacturing in the United States has also continued to decline, falling to the eighth place in the world. In addition, a layer of polyurethane has been added externally, which is located behind Italy, South Korea, Switzerland and other countries

Table: output value of major machine tool producing countries/regions in 2010 (unit: US $million)

from the perspective of demand market. In 2010, China, Germany, Japan, South Korea and Italy ranked the top five in the global machine tool consumption. Among them, South Korea and Japan both achieved double-digit growth year-on-year. The per capita consumption of machine tool products varies greatly, and Switzerland is still the country with the largest per capita consumption of metal processing machine tools in the world

from the perspective of technological development level, at present, the world's high-end CNC machine tool manufacturing industry is mainly produced by the United States, Japan, Germany and other industrial powers, which master the main core technology in this manufacturing field

the United States has a solid foundation in the design, manufacturing and CNC system of CNC machine tools. Although the United States produced machine tools 50 years later than Britain, it soon surpassed Britain in manufacturing technology and ranked first in the world. Machine tools in the United States are mainly used in the automotive industry, aviation industry, construction industry and medical equipment manufacturing industry, with the world's leading technical level. Several famous machine tool companies such as Cincinnati, GL, Hardinge, Gleason, Ingersoll and others have long produced high-precision, efficient and highly automated CNC machine tools to meet the needs of the U.S. market, which can not only produce high-performance CNC machine tools used in the aerospace field, It can also produce cheap and practical CNC machine tools for small and medium-sized enterprises. With leading technology and high-quality products, the United States has become a major exporter of high-end CNC machine tools in the world. Its most important export markets are China, Mexico and other countries and regions. In 2010, the United States exported a total of 933 million dollars of CNC machine tools, an increase of 40% year-on-year

the German government has always attached importance to the development of machinery industry, especially machine tool industry. German CNC machine tools have good quality and performance, are advanced and practical, and are exported all over the world, especially large, heavy and precision CNC machine tools, which are mainly exported to China, the United States and Russia. In addition, Germany also attaches importance to the advanced practicality of CNC machine tool host accessories. Its mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, pneumatic, optical, cutting tools, measurement, CNC system and other functional components rank among the world's top in quality and performance. Germany has many world-renowned enterprises, such as tongkuai group, the world's largest CNC sheet metal manufacturer; DMG company, which has extensive influence and world advanced production technology of high-end CNC machine tools; The numerical control system of Siemens is more famous in the world. Since the end of 2009, benefiting from the strong pull of China, South Korea and India, the German machine tool industry has recovered rapidly

for a long time, the Japanese government has continuously strengthened the research and development of CNC machine tools, proposed the development direction of the Japanese CNC machine tool industry through planning and formulating regulations, provided sufficient research and development funds, and encouraged scientific research institutions and enterprises to vigorously develop CNC machine tools. Japan has learned from Germany in the matching of machine tool parts, and from the United States in the development and research of numerical control technology and numerical control system. It has improved and developed the achievements of the two countries and achieved good results. In the process of developing CNC machine tools, Japan pays special attention to the development of key technologies and core products. The Japanese government focuses on supporting FANUC to develop the numerical control system of numerical control machine tools, which accounts for nearly half of the global market share; Other manufacturers focus on the research and development of mechanical processing. The more famous manufacturers include Mazak, Amada, Okuma, Mori Seiji, etc. Due to the increasing orders of machine tools from Asia, Europe and North America, the foreign demand orders of machine tools in Japan reached 671.1 billion yen in 2010, an increase of 170% year-on-year; Domestic demand orders amounted to 307.5 billion yen, a year-on-year increase of 92.6%

in addition to the above three countries, the high-end CNC machine tool industry of Italy, Switzerland and other countries also ranks in the forefront of the world. Among them, the famous machine tool plants in Italy include ficep, FIDIA, jobs, mangoni, MCM, etc., and their products are widely used in automotive, electronic, mechanical and other fields; Switzerland's small and medium-sized precision machine tools have long been unique in the world, and many high-precision lathes, grinders, gear machine tools, electrical machining machines, machining centers, small modular machine tools, tool grinders and other superior quality

development status of China's CNC machine tool industry

China's machine tool industry has gradually developed since the founding of the people's Republic of China in 1949. Generally, the speed regulation range is narrow, and there is no low speed or there is no high speed with low speed. Up to now, it has gone through a 60 year development process. In the past 30 years, China's CNC machine tools have achieved rapid development in technology and output, and have been applied to users in various industries. Domestic products are also competing for export, and have appeared at the world's four major international machine tool exhibitions, with remarkable achievements

During the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, with the breakthrough of a series of key technologies and the formation of independent production capacity, China began to highlight the encirclement of foreign manufacturing and entered the ranks of high-speed CNC machine tool and high-precision CNC machine tool manufacturers in the world

in terms of output. In 2010, China's machine tool industry achieved a total industrial output value of 553.68 billion yuan, an increase of 40.6% year-on-year; The output of CNC machine tools reached 236000, an increase of 62.2% year-on-year; In 2010, the output value of machine tools and CNC machine tools in China ranked first in the world. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, driven by demand, the output of CNC machine tools in China maintained a high-speed growth, with an average annual compound growth rate of 37.4%. The growth data in 2010 means that the development of CNC machine tools has entered a new stage

from the perspective of technological development level. With the completion of major special key tasks of high-end CNC machine tools and basic manufacturing equipment, the CNC rate of domestic machine tools in China has increased from 35.5% at the end of the tenth five year plan to 51.9% at the end of the eleventh five year plan. In the field of numerical control system, China has developed high-end numerical control devices with multi axis, multi-channel and bus. Wuhan Huazhong CNC Co., Ltd. and Shenyang Gaojing CNC Technology Co., Ltd. have completed the production of more than 50 sets of open full digital high-end CNC devices. Domestic CNC machine tools cover the fields of ultra heavy machine tools, high-precision machine tools, special processing machine tools, forging equipment, cutting-edge high-tech machine tools, etc. Especially in the field of five axis CNC machine tools, CNC ultra heavy machine tools, vertical and horizontal machining centers, CNC lathes, CNC gear processing machines, some technologies have reached the world's advanced level. The varieties of domestic five axis CNC machine tools are increasing day by day. Five axis machining centers, five axis CNC milling machines, five axis gantry milling machines, five axis floor milling and boring machines, etc. have been successfully developed in China, which has changed the monopoly of international strong players on the CNC machine tool industry and accelerated the process of China's transformation from a large machine tool production country to a powerful machine tool manufacturing country

from the perspective of market demand. At present, China is the world's largest importer and consumer of CNC machine tools. In 2010, China's machine tool consumption increased by 43% year-on-year, reaching $28.48 billion. The imports of about unattractive S4 and S5 almost pushed the three stars into the abyss of doom, amounting to $9.4 billion. China has become the world's largest machine tool consumer. Although the machine tool industry has achieved rapid development during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the output value of high-end CNC machine tools only accounts for about 10 ~ 15% of the output value of the metal processing machine tool industry. In the face of a huge consumer market, the production capacity of domestic machine tool manufacturers can not meet the rapidly expanding market demand, and most high-end CNC machine tool products still need to be imported from abroad

although the manufacturing level of CNC machine tools in China has improved, the situation of foreign trade is still worrying. On the one hand, the export unit price of CNC machine tools has continued to decline. Horizontal machining centers, gantry machining centers, CNC grinders, CNC punches, etc. have declined significantly. In addition to the appreciation of RMB, the competitive price reduction of enterprises in the fierce international competition is one of the factors. On the other hand, the import share of high-end CNC machine tools increased instead of decreasing. In 2010, the import volume of high-end machine tools accounted for 36% of China's total consumption of metal cutting machine tools, with a year-on-year increase of 60%. Imported products squeezed the living space of domestic enterprises. In addition, the homogenization competition threat of domestic products, the gross profit margin of high-end CNC machine tools of most domestic machine tool enterprises showed a downward trend

looking forward to the 12th Five Year Plan, the development of CNC machine tools in China will strive to solve the problems of large but not strong mainframe, lagging development of CNC systems and functional components, large gap in key technologies of high-end CNC machine tools, low stability of product quality, poor overall economic benefits of the industry and so on. It will raise the cultivation of core competitiveness, independent innovation, quantitative integration and brand construction to a strategic height, and achieve the goal of 800 billion yuan of total industrial output value. And strive to achieve a series of medium and long-term goals, such as changing from a large machine tool production country to a powerful machine tool country, and achieving the dominant position of domestic medium and high-end CNC machine tools in the domestic market

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